back pain

Common Causes of Back Pain

Back pain could be a discomfort most typically located within the lumbar (lower) region of the spine and surrounding tissues. It’s an extraordinarily common ailment and is most usually caused by injury or stress to a muscle, ligament, bone, or nerve. Low back pain can become chronic if the cause of the discomfort isn’t properly treated.
Question : What are common causes of back pain?
The most common causes of back pain are sudden tears or strains of the muscles, tendons, or ligaments of the back. The area of such tears is tender to the bit, and also the pain is increased by moving about. Pain conjointly can be caused by chronic strain to the rear caused by curvatures of the spine (lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis), having one leg shorter than the opposite, unhealthy posture, or repetitive lifting of significant objects.
Question : What is a slipped disk?
A ‘slipped,’ or herniated, disk happens when one amongst the intervertebral disks, which serve to separate the vertebrae and act to soak up the shock of motion, slips out of place. This displacement can compress a spinal nerve and place a strain on the encompassing ligaments. This could additionally end in sciatica, where pressure on the sciatic nerve causes pain down one or each of the legs.
Query: What other spinal disorders cause back pain?
Pain will result from osteoarthritis, where the roughened surface of the bone ends up in native irritation. In osteoporosis, the bones become brittle because of lack of calcium; vertebrae can, thus, collapse, ensuing in pain and possible nerve compression. In young and middle-aged people, a disorder that causes the vertebrae to fuse together (ankylosing spondylitis) produces pain and gradual stiffening of the spine. Additionally cancer will unfold to a vertebra with resulting pain.
Chronic deformities of the spine (lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis) can end in pain, as can a condition known as spondylolisthesis, in which one or more vertebrae are not properly formed. This can lead to partial dislocation of the spine.
Query: What nerve disorders cause back pain?
A tumor of the spine will cause back pain. However, additional commonly, back pain of neurologic origin results from inflammation of a nerve.
Query: Apart from causes directly related to the spine, what different disorders can lead to backache?
A low ache in the rear often happens in ladies before the onset of menstruation or as half of a painful menstrual amount (dysmenorrheal). Alternative gynecological disorders could also cause backache. Pain from a kidney infection (such as pyelonephritis) typically happens within the lower or mid-back. A uninteresting ache high in the back may be a proof of a chest disorder.
Question : What is the treatment for back pain?
Painkilling medication, such as acetaminophen or aspirin, will be taken to alleviate pain due to a minor strain of a ligament or muscle. For additional severe pains, a physician could prescribe a strong, anti-inflammatory and/or muscle relaxant drug.
Rest can be a very necessary aid in back pain treatment. The patient ought to rest during a position that will straighten out the lower back, such as on the back with the knees supported during a bent position by a pillow, or lying on the facet with the top supported by a pillow. A firm mattress is essential.
Treatment by physical therapy could embody exercise, massage, or local heat. The spine might be fastidiously stretched using traction; a patient is usually hospitalized for this treatment. If back pain is severe, prolonged, or amid serious symptoms, such as a fever or a weakness in an exceedingly leg, it is necessary that a physician be consulted immediately.
Question : What everyday precautions can help relieve or prevent back pain?
Correct posture, a firm mattress, and strengthening of the muscles by means of careful exercise all can help to alleviate some types of backache. Maintaining correct body weight (by dieting, if necessary) conjointly helps to stop backache. Being overweight puts additional strain on the spine. It’s necessary to remember, when lifting objects, to bend at the knees and hips, rather than at the waist. This permits use of a lot of powerful leg muscles and avoids strain on the back. Conjointly, when carrying one thing in the arms, it should be held close to the body, instead of with outstretched arms.

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